Repair and service Audi A8 in body D2 with 1994 for 1999 of release.
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance service
3. Petrol engines of 2,8 l
4. Petrol engines of 3,7 and 4,2 l
5. Diesel engines of 2,5 l
6. Diesel engines of 3,3 l
7. Systems of ignition and injection of fuel of petrol engines
8. System of release of the fulfilled gases of cars with petrol engines
9. The power supply system of diesel engines
10. System of prestarting heating of diesel engines
11. System of release of the fulfilled gases of cars with diesel engines
12. Greasing system
13. Cooling system
13.1. The general data
13.2. The thermostat
13.3. Replacement of a cooling liquid
13.4. The water pump of petrol engines of 2,8 l
13.5. Connecting pipes of system of cooling
13.6. The water pump of petrol engines of 3,7 and 4,2 l
13.7. The thermostat of petrol engines of 3,7 and 4,2 l
13.8. The water pump of diesel engines of 2,5 l
13.9. The thermostat of the diesel engine of 2,5 l
13.10. Forward section of a pipe of system of cooling of the diesel engine of 2,5 l
13.11. The left section of a pipe of system of cooling of the diesel engine of 2,5 l
13.12. The right section of a pipe of system of cooling of the diesel engine of 2,5 l
13.13. The central section of a pipe of system of cooling of the diesel engine of 2,5 l
13.14. The water pump of diesel engines of 3,3 l
13.15. The thermostat of diesel engines of 3,3 l
13.16. A forward average pipe of system of cooling of the diesel engine of 3,3 l
13.17. The left average pipe of system of cooling of the diesel engine of 3,3 l
13.18. A radiator
14. Coupling
15. A transmission
16. Shaft of a drive of forward wheels
17. Features of a design of transmission of all-wheel drive cars
18. A suspension bracket
19. Wheels and tyres
20. A steering
21. Brake system
22. A body
23. Heating and air-conditioning system
24. An electric equipment
25. Electric schemes
 



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13-2-termostat.html

13.2. The thermostat

Removal

Fig. 7–1. The water pump and the thermostat of cars with petrol engines of 2,8 l:
1 – the thermostat; 2 – a sealing ring; 3 – the thermostat case; 4 – a bolt, 10 Нм; 5 – a lining; 6 – the water pump; 7 – a bolt, 10 Нм



The thermostat is located in the case (fig. 7–1), established on the block of cylinders of the engine.
Merge cooling liquid.
Remove полиwedge a belt and the mechanism of its tension.
Remove the left and right casings of a gear belt.
Using a marker, a chalk or a paint, note a direction of rotation of a gear belt.
Loosen the a tension of a gear belt. Slightly turn a cranked shaft in both parties for easing of a tension of a gear belt and remove a gear belt from a tension roller and the right pulley of a camshaft.
For protection of a gear belt against a cooling liquid close its polyethylene.

Fig. 7–2. An arrangement of bolts of fastening of the case of the thermostat



Unscrew two bolts and remove the case of the thermostat from a forward part of a head of the block of cylinders (fig. 7–2).
Take a sealing ring and the thermostat from a head of the block of cylinders. Check up working capacity of the thermostat.

Installation

Fig. 7–3. A correct arrangement of the thermostat on petrol engines of 2,8 l



Establish the thermostat in a head of the block of cylinders so that the valve for air removal settled down from above (fig. 7–3).
Establish the case of the thermostat with a new sealing ring and fix bolts, having tightened their moment 10 Нм.
Establish a gear belt on a camshaft pulley.
Establish полиwedge a belt.
Fill in cooling liquid in cooling system.
Start up the engine and check up tightness of system of cooling.

Check of working capacity of the thermostat

Fig. 7–4. Working positions of the valve of the thermostat: and - the valve is closed; b - the valve is opened



Measure length and the closed thermostat (fig. 7–4).
Approximately to check up working capacity of the thermostat it is possible so: to suspend it on a thread in the glass vessel filled with water, and to heat up water to boiling. At boiling of water the thermostat valve should open. Otherwise replace it.
The temperature of opening of the valve of the thermostat is put on its case.
At heating of the thermostat to temperature of boiling of water the length b the open thermostat with the open valve should be more lengths and with the closed valve on 7 mm (fig. 7–4 see).
The thermostat, which valve is not closed at water cooling, also is subject to replacement.


13.1. The general data

13.3. Replacement of a cooling liquid