22.2. Care of a body
Regularly check a body condition. Otherwise corrosion of separate sites of a body can lead to its strong damage and further – to expensive repair. It is necessary to pay attention to the latent parts of the car, for example, to the bottom, arches of wheels and the bottom part of a motor compartment, and also to body parts under an upholstery. A basic element of care of a body is the sink. Wash a body with a considerable quantity of water a soft sponge or a brush. It is impossible to wash a varnish covering with a stream with a strong pressure. Pour over the car from a hose and смойте a dirt from top to down. Often rinse a sponge. Wipe the car pure rags. Apply only high-quality degreasing washing substances. For the purpose of protection of a surface of a body in water for a sink add washing preservatives. It is forbidden to wash and dry the car on the sun as on a varnish surface there can be stains. Salt which strew roads, has harmful influence on a car body.
After a sink of the car because of humidity efficiency of action of brakes decreases. It is recommended to dry brake disks short-term pressing a brake pedal in a start of motion.
Purely washed up and dried up varnish covering is necessary for processing every 3 month preserving means to protect a surface of the car from atmospheric influence by creation беспористого a water-repellent wax layer.
The flowed out fuel, oil or greasing, and also brake liquid at once to remove, colour of a varnish covering differently will change.
Surface processing is necessary for repeating, if water does not gather in drops, and spreads on a surface. Regular processing by preserving means promotes safety of shine of a varnish covering.
There is also other possibility of protection of varnish coverings – by means of washing preservatives. However washing preservatives provide reliable protection of varnish coverings only in the event that are used at each sink of the car and is not more rare than in 2–3 weeks.
After use washing (пенообразующих) means additional processing of a surface by preservatives especially is recommended .
Preservation cannot be spent on the open sun.
Polishing of a varnish surface is necessary only in the event that it has faded owing to insufficient leaving, influence of the dust, harmful gases, weather conditions and preserving means cannot restore its shine.
It is not necessary to apply rough polishing pastes and chemically active polishing means, despite preliminary good results.
Before polishing the car is necessary for washing up and carefully to dry up. Further to adhere to the instruction on use of polishing means.
It is necessary to polish with small sites in order to avoid premature drying of polish. After surface processing by some polishing means additional preservation is necessary. It is forbidden to polish on the open sun. Matte varnish surfaces cannot be processed preserving and polishing means.
Removal of bitumen stains
Bitumen stains quickly get into varnish coverings, and to remove them completely already it is impossible. Fresh stains can be deduced moistened in a special liquid for deducing of bitumen stains by a soft rag. In case of emergency it is necessary to use usual gasoline, kerosene or turpentine.
Removal of insects
Insects contain substances which can damage a varnish film if them quickly not to remove. Use weak slightly warm soap either washing solution or special means for removal of insects.
Care of details from artificial materials
From an imitation leather, a headlight, and also the details painted in matte black colour, it is possible to wash plastic details, seats with water with addition of special washing-up liquids. It is not recommended to wet. Plastic details can be processed if necessary special cleaners. Not to use at all nitrosolvent or gasoline.
Care of rubber consolidations
Condensing or sliding surfaces periodically to strew talc or to spray silicone аэрозолью. It will keep their elasticity and will exclude a scratch at closing of doors. To eliminate unpleasant sounds it is possible, having wiped adjoining surfaces liquid soap.
Disks of wheels
Legkosplavnye disks of wheels demand leaving, especially in a cold season. For this purpose it is possible to use special means for clearing of disks. It is impossible to apply active, кислотосодержащие, сильнощелочные and rough cleaners or water in temperature from above + 60 С.
It is necessary to wash seat belts with a weak soap solution, without removing them. Not to subject to their dry cleaning which can cause destruction of fibres. Belts with automatic winding to braid in the dried up condition, if necessary to use a special aerosol for the best sliding. It is not recommended to dry belts at temperature from above 80 С and on the open sun.